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More from COVID 19 Resources:

COVID 19 Resources


For the Lay Public:

(EM Provider section below)


DON’T TOUCH YOUR FACE (& Wash your hands): Like many respiratory viruses COVID is often spread when your hands are contaminated and you touch your eyes, nose or mouth.  Wash your hands frequently and don’t touch your face.  Wear a bandana and glasses when you go out.  It may screen out many but not all of any airborne droplets, but it will help you stop touching your face.

Best Hand Hygiene Video

COUGH & SNOT ETIQUETTE: If you have to cough or sneeze, even if you are not sick, pull your shirt collar up over your nose first and do it into your shirt.  This is probably better than coughing into the crook of your elbow, which is a good plan B.  Do this even if you feel fine as there is ample evidence that there are MANY people with the disease before they get symptoms or who even NEVER get symptoms.

Safest way to Sneeze or Cough Video

STAY HOME: If you are well, limit the pandemic by staying home as much as possible. If you do fall ill, there is usually no reason to go to the ER or to your doctor if you just have fever and cough.  Call your doctor for advice or go online instead. Try telemedicine if you haven’t already.  Currently many colds are due to COVID so just assume you have it and quarantine yourself at home for 14 days. Have friends buy you food or order it online.  Going to the doctor or ER just exposes you to what everyone else has and exposes them to what you have.   We are mostly only testing people sick enough to be admitted and for the most part there is not treatment unless you need oxygen.

FEVER TREATMENT: If you do get sick, as many of us will, you can use Tylenol, Advil or the equivalent but there is data that NSAIDs like Advil may worsen prognosis, which makes sense if you consider the fact that fever kills viruses and has likely evolved in mammals because it improves the chance of survival.  I’ll bet in 50 years people will be talking about how foolish it was that doctors used to give medications to reduce fever.  Might not be a Nobel prize winning study but someone should study it.

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR: If you are significantly short of breath, are coughing up blood, have pain that is worse when you breathe in than when you cough, have leg swelling or feel light headed all the time you likely should see a doctor.  As always use common sense and if unsure call for advice or see a doctor.


Rational prevention

Pandemic Simulation & Teaching

Countries Responses

Tracking numbers

Support: No, we are not accepting donations but you can support by buying a book from the following webpage:  Books on staying out of the ER





For EM Providers:


Reproduced with permission of Nick Mark, MD, Intensivist, Seattle, WA


EB Medicine Article

Countries Responses

Tracking numbers

Books for EM providers

Donning & Doffing

Pathophysiology of COVID

Antipyretics may increase mortality in infection 1

Antipyretics may increase mortality in infection 2

Antipyretics may increase mortality in infection 3

Support: No, we are not accepting donations but you can support by buying a book from one of the following webpages:  Books on staying out of the ER